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The Brahmavidya Upanishad ( ब्रह्मविद्या उपनिषत् ) is one of the minor Upanishads of Hinduism and one of twenty Yoga Upanishads. This article contains “The Brahma Vidya Upanishad” in English.

In The Brahmavidya Upanishad, only two major versions are widely known in the present times. One of them consists of fourteen verses that is attached to the Atharvaveda, while the another, larger manuscript, exists in the Telugu language and has 110 verses and attached to the Krishna Yajur Veda.   

This following Upanishad below, explains the structure of the Supreme Sound “Om” and other aspect of it, about its placement, about its beginning and end along with the significance of the Laaya (fading away of its sound). Om is Brahman or the ultimate reality and above all other realities, as per the Upanishads.

The text is notable for stating that gods live inside human body as the five Atmans (souls), with Lord Vishnu in the throat, Lord Rudra, in the middle of the palate, Shiva in the forehead, Sada-shiva at the tip of nose, and the Brahman in the heart center.

As per this Upanishad, the innermost Atman, is the same as the all transcendent Param-atman, the Brahman pervading everywhere and in every object. 

This Upanishad, is also known as the Brahmavidyopanishad and is enumerated by Rama to Hanuman.

The Brahmavidya Upanishad in English

 

Om ! May He protect us both together; may He nourish us both together;
May we work conjointly with great energy,
May our study be vigorous and effective;
May we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any).

Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

I proclaim the Brahman-lore, which is omniscience, which is the highest. It shows as origination and end – Brahman, Vishnu, Maheswara. Vishnu, working with his miraculous power becomes, at intervals, a human being through compassion.

His secret, as the OM fire, lies in the Brahman lore. The syllable OM is the Brahman. Thus, verily, teach the Brahman–knowers;

Body, location, time and dying away of this syllable, I will proclaim.

I – The body or sariram of the sound OM: 

There are three gods and three worlds, three Vedas and three fires. Three
moras and the half mora. In that trisyllabic, blissful one.
The Rig Veda, Grahapatya. The earth and Brahman as God, that is the body
of the “a” sound, as expounded by the Brahman-knowers.
The Yajur Veda and the mid-region, and the fire Dakshina, and the holy god
Vishnu, this is the “u” sound proclaimed to us.
The Sama Veda and heaven, the Ahavaniya fire also, and Ishvara, the highest
(or supreme) god.
Thus is the “m” sound proclaimed to us.

II – The location or sthanam of the sound OM:
In the midst of the brain-conch, like the sun-shine glitters the “a”. Within it is
situated, the “u” sound of moon-like splendor.
The “m” sound too, like the fire, smokeless, resembling a lightning flash.
Thus shine the three moras, like the Moon, the Sun and the fire.
There upon a pointed flame, like a torch light exists. Know it as the half
mora, which one writes above the syllable.

III – The terminus or kala of the sound OM:
Yet one, like a pointed flame subtle, like lotus-fiber, shines the Sun-like
cerebral artery – (passing through it) penetrates (the OM).
Through the Sun and seventy two thousand arteries, breaks through the
head and remains as bringer of blessings to all – pervading the whole
Universe.

IV – The vanishing, fading away or laya of the sound OM:
And just as the sound of a metal utensil – or of a gong dies in silence – so he,
who seeks the All lets the OM sound fade away in silence.

For that wherein the sound fades away is the Brahman, the higher. Yea, the whole sound is Brahman and conduces to immortality.

Om Shanti! Shanti! Shanti!
Om ! May He protect us both together; may He nourish us both together;
May we work conjointly with great energy,
May our study be vigorous and effective;
May we not mutually dispute (or may we not hate any).

Om ! Let there be Peace in me !
Let there be Peace in my environment !
Let there be Peace in the forces that act on me !

Here ends the Brahma-Vidyopanishad belonging to the Krishna Yajur Veda. ( As translated to English by Dr A. G. Krishna Warrier.  )

 

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Love, light and peace to all!

 

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The Brahma Vidya Upanishad in English
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The Brahmavidya Upanishad( ब्रह्मविद्या उपनिषत् ) is one of the minor Upanishads of Hinduism and one of twenty Yoga Upanishads. This article contains The Brahma Vidya Upanishad in English. 
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