Akshaya in Sanskrit means one that ‘never diminishes’ (a—kshaya). Akshaya Tritiya – the day – is believed to bring good luck and success. Hindus who imbibe what is originally called ‘Sanātana Dharma’ believe they can get lasting prosperity by buying precious metals on the day.
Akshaya Tritiya is traditionally earmarked for beginning new ventures, for investing and purchasing valuables especially gold, jewellery and diamond.
It is no surprise Indians buy gold on Akshaya Tritiya as it is considered very auspicious and a safe investment. It is also believed that any meaningful activity started on this day would be fruitful.
Akshaya Tritiya is an important festival for the people of Hindu origin and the festival is generally observed on the third day of the bright half` of the lunar month of “Baisakha” of the traditional Hindu calendar.
It is one of the four most auspicious days of the year for Hindus. The day is believed to bring good luck and success. It is widely celebrated in all parts of India by different sections of the society irrespective of their religious faith and social grouping.
Legend Behind the Festival – Akshay Tritiya
According to the ancient Hindu religious texts – such as the Puranas, Akshaya Tritiya marks the beginning of the “SatyaYug” or the Golden Age – the first of the four Yugas. It is believe that on this day Lord Krishna gave Draupadi a bowl – akshaya pātara (where food came in abundance) when the Pāndavas were in exile.
Traditionally this third day in the bright fortnight of Vaishākh is also the day of the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu ~ the ‘preserving’ manifestation of God in the Hindu Trinity.
On this day Sudāma visited his childhood buddy Lord Krishna with a hearty gift of a handful of beaten rice (pohā). The good returns (prasād) he got in return for his devotion to the Lord is a classical story told in Hindu households.
On such a day associated with Lord Krishna the story of Sudāma’s offering is mentioned along with Lord Krishna’s affirmation in his Holy Gita ~ “Whoever offers a leaf, a flower, a fruit or even water with devotion, that I accept, offered as it is with a loving heart “.
Thus, many are the reasons for Akshaya Tritiya to be considered a wish fulfilling day. Any worship performed or daan (donation) given on this day is considered extremely good karma. Good karma is considered meritorious and is supposed to bestow beneficial results.
So what are the some recommended things to do on Akshaya Tritiya day?
During the Akshaya Tritiya day it is considered auspicious to
• Start or initiate any beneficial activity for family and community
• Visit temples, worship Lord Krishna or Lakshmi Narayan to invoke abundance in oneself
• Participate in spiritual activities like satsang
• Make offerings to and seek blessings of elders and spiritual teachers
• Donate food, clothing to the needy
• Buy safe and secure investments
Akshaya Tritiya is also traditionally observed as the birthday of Parusurama, who is said to be the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Puranas spoke about how he reclaimed the land from the sea.
The Sun and Moon are astrologically believed to be at their most exalted equal brightness on this day of Akshaya Tritiya. The brightness is at its best at the west coast of India. Goa and Konkan regions, even today, are referred to as Parusurama Kshetra.
The day of Akshaya Tritiya is generally observed by fasting and worship Lord Vasudeva with rice grains. The day gains more importance when it falls on a Monday or under Rohini Star. A dip in the Ganges on this day is considered to be very auspicious.
Main Ritual Of Akshaya Tritiya
Akshyaya Trutiya is exclusively an agricultural festival celebrated on the third day of the Hindu year through out Orissa. On this day the farmer ceremonially starts sowing seeds in the field, especially paddy.
Early in the morning, farmers in their respective homes arrange the materials for the ritual. After taking ablution in a river or tank they wear new clothes and carry the seeds in new baskets. In the field offerings are made to Lakshmi, the ‘Goddess of wealth’, which the farmers do it themselves.
Then they sow seeds ceremonially praying the Goddess for a rich bumper crop. In the evening feasts (strictly vegetarian) are arranged in respective homes. In western Orissa, this festival is called ‘Muthi Chhuan’.
Eating of green leaves (‘Shag’) is forbidden for the day. It is observed by all farmers irrespective of their caste and creed.
Akshay Tritiya is a very Auspicious Day
According to ‘Jyotisa’- the ancient Indian system of astronomy and astrology, the entire Akshaya Tritiya day is auspicious. So there is no need to look for an auspicious time i.e. no ‘muhurat’ required on this day.
This is the only day in any year – when the Sun which is the lord of the planets and moon which is the lord of creativity – are in exaltation meaning at their peak of radiance. During the month of Vaishakha, the sun is in the Mesha (Aries), the first sign of the zodiac, where it is in an exalted or most powerful position to give benefits.
The moon is also in a powerful position. This combination of the planetary energies is believed to create abundance whereby any auspicious activity commenced on this day leads to continued growth of beneficial results throughout the year.
Astrologically this is extremely auspicious. That also makes this day one of the most popular dates in Hindu calendar for marriages and partnerships. It is also believed that people born during this time shine bright in life due to the exaltation of Sun and Moon in the native’s horoscope.
Many greats were born during this period of Akshaya Tritiya such as – Basaveshwara, Ramanujācharya, Ādi Shankarācharya, Swāmi Chinmayānanda and Lord Buddha.
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